Geography of Carroll County, Arkansas

Carroll County, located in the northwestern part of Arkansas, is a region of stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and diverse landscapes. From its rugged Ozark Mountains and lush valleys to its meandering rivers and pristine lakes, Carroll County offers a wealth of outdoor recreation opportunities and scenic vistas. In this detailed exploration, we’ll delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Carroll County.


According to Thereligionfaqs, Carroll County covers an area of approximately 639 square miles (1,655 square kilometers) and is situated in the Ozark Mountains region of Arkansas. It is bordered by Missouri to the north, Madison County to the east, Benton County to the west, and Boone County to the south.

The county’s geography is characterized by its rugged topography, including the Boston Mountains in the southern part of the county and the Springfield Plateau in the northern part. The county seat, Berryville, is located in the central part of Carroll County and serves as a hub for commerce, government, and culture.

Other communities in the county include Eureka Springs, Green Forest, and Alpena, each with its own unique character and amenities. Eureka Springs, in particular, is known for its Victorian architecture, historic downtown district, and vibrant arts scene.


Carroll County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild, wet winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its location in the southeastern United States and its proximity to the Ozark Mountains.

Summers in Carroll County are typically hot and humid, with average temperatures ranging from the upper 60s to mid-80s Fahrenheit (around 20 to 29 degrees Celsius). Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius). Thunderstorms are frequent, bringing heavy rainfall, lightning, and gusty winds to the area.

Winters in Carroll County are mild and wet, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-20s to low 40s Fahrenheit (around -4 to 6 degrees Celsius). Snowfall is rare but can occur occasionally during the winter months, particularly in the higher elevations and northern parts of the county. Most precipitation falls as rain, with occasional winter storms bringing a mix of snow, sleet, and freezing rain to the area.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Carroll County, with mild temperatures and changing foliage making them pleasant times to visit. Spring brings the blooming of wildflowers and the greening of the landscape, while fall showcases the vibrant colors of changing leaves and the harvest of agricultural crops.

Annual precipitation in Carroll County averages around 40 to 45 inches (about 1,016 to 1,143 millimeters), with rainfall distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Thunderstorms are most common in the summer months, while winter storms and frontal systems can bring heavy rain and occasional flooding.

Rivers and Lakes:

Carroll County is blessed with an abundance of rivers, creeks, and lakes, which provide valuable habitat for fish and wildlife and support recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and kayaking.

The White River, one of the major rivers in Arkansas, flows through the eastern part of Carroll County, winding its way through the Ozark Mountains and eventually joining the Mississippi River. The river is known for its scenic beauty, clear waters, and abundant wildlife, including trout, bass, and catfish. It offers opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and kayaking, as well as scenic drives and wildlife viewing along its banks.

In addition to the White River, Carroll County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, such as the Kings River, the Buffalo River, and Osage Creek, which meander through the countryside and provide habitat for fish, wildlife, and vegetation. These waterways offer opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and tubing, as well as scenic beauty and wildlife viewing.

While Carroll County does not have any natural lakes of significant size, it is home to several reservoirs and ponds, which provide water for irrigation, recreation, and wildlife habitat. These include reservoirs such as Beaver Lake and Table Rock Lake, as well as smaller ponds and impoundments scattered throughout the county.

Vegetation and Wildlife:

Carroll County’s diverse geography supports a variety of vegetation types, including hardwood forests, pine forests, wetlands, and grasslands. The county’s forests are dominated by species such as oak, hickory, pine, and cedar, which provide habitat for a wide range of wildlife, including deer, turkey, squirrel, and songbirds.

Wetlands and marshes are also important habitats in Carroll County, providing nesting grounds for waterfowl, habitat for amphibians and reptiles, and filtration of water for the region’s rivers and streams. The county’s wetlands are home to species such as ducks, geese, herons, and turtles.

Common wildlife species in Carroll County include white-tailed deer, wild turkey, black bear, and various species of birds, such as bald eagles, hawks, and woodpeckers. The region’s rivers and streams support a variety of fish species, including bass, trout, and catfish, which attract anglers from near and far.


In conclusion, Carroll County, Arkansas, offers a captivating blend of natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and cultural heritage. From its rugged mountains and meandering rivers to its historic towns and vibrant arts scene, the county’s geography reflects the unique character of the Ozark Mountains region. Whether exploring the scenic waterways, hiking through the wooded hillsides, or simply enjoying the hospitality of its charming communities, Carroll County has much to offer for residents and visitors alike.

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