Malaysia Geography and Climate

Malaysia Geography and Climate

Malaysia has been an independent country since 1957, before that it was Britain that ruled the area which includes the Malacca Peninsula and the northern part of Borneo. Via the Malacca Peninsula, the country borders Thailand and Singapore, and in Borneo it borders Indonesia and Brunei. The state of Malaysia was proclaimed in 1963 when it had merged West Malaysia, East Malaysia, and Singapore, which left the country in 1965. Most people living in Malaysia are Malays and the largest religion is Islam. There are also a lot of ethnic Chinese in the country as well as other minority groups such as Indians. The country’s capital is Kuala Lumpur and is also the largest city.

Geography and climate

Geographically, it can be said that Malaysia consists of two parts, western and eastern Malaysia. These are separated by the South China Sea, which is part of the Pacific Ocean. Both eastern and western Malaysia are characterized by plains along the coasts and then forest landscapes up to the mountains that are inland. On Borneo is Malaysia’s highest mountain Mount Kinabalu which has a peak of 4,095 meters. Malaysia is located on the Strait of Malacca, which is one of the world’s most important transport routes. According to, the climate is tropical with high temperatures and high humidity. During the day it is not uncommon with temperatures above 30 ° C and this is what it looks like all year round. Even at night it is hot in the country and the night temperature is rarely below 20 ° C.

On the west coast of the country, there are plenty of mangrove swamps and muddy beaches that form bays and coves. In the west you have cultivated plains and in the east you will find quiet beaches lined with jungle. The largest islands are Langkawi which is actually a group of 99 islands, Penang and Pangkot as well as Tioman, Redang, Kapas, Perhentian and Rawa. Those who want to visit Malaysia should take a closer look at the weather that applies to the part of the country you want to travel to. During May to September, the country is affected by the southwest monsoon, and between November and March, it is instead the northeast monsoon that blows in. In Kuala Lumpur, it rains most between March and April and between September and November. It may therefore be time to go here during the Swedish winter months, while Borneo has the heaviest rainy season between November and February.


Malaysia is one of the world’s leading exporters of semiconductors, electrical goods and white goods. The economy had very good growth at the end of the 20th century, but just like so many other economies in Asia, the Asian financial crisis hit the end of the 1990s. In the capital Kuala Lumpur, there is a Multimedia Super Corridor, which is considered to be Asia’s equivalent to the USA’s Silicon Valley. The country’s industries produce rubber, among other things, and there is a plan to expand operations in the development of high-tech products in order to occupy a world-leading position in this field.

Malaysia Geography

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