Attractions in Murmansk, Russia
Be sure to go to the Murmansk Regional Art Museum, which is located in the center of Murmansk in the oldest stone building in the city (1927). The museum has more than 4,000 items. Here are presented works of modern domestic fine arts and works of pre-revolutionary times. The works of Murmansk artists – V. Baranov, N. Kovalev, N. Morozov, V. Bubentsov, M. Kirin, A. Sergienko and V. Zubitskaya are very interesting. The museum also presents samples of Russian art crafts. Around the building of the art museum there is a park with historical monuments dedicated to the events of the Civil War and the Great Patriotic War.
According to Intershippingrates.com, the most famous museum in the city is the Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore.. This is the oldest museum in the region, founded in 1926. The museum building itself is a historical landmark – since 1965 on the front side of it there is a mosaic panel and an anchor on a pedestal – a monument to the world’s first icebreaker “Ermak”. The museum has 17 exhibition halls. Here are the only one in Russia exposition of the seabed in the form of a dry aquarium and a unique geological collection extracted from depths from 100 m to 12 km when drilling the Kola super-deep well, which became the deepest in the world (depth – over 12 km). The museum presents the history of the region from ancient times, where you can get acquainted with the way of life of the Saami, the events of the Civil War and the Great Patriotic War, as well as with the modern life of the region. The Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore has branches not only in the city, but throughout the region. It is in charge of the Murmansk Museum of the History of the Polar Olympics. The museum exposition presents collections describing the events of the annual Polar Olympics since 1934. Here you can see a collection of skis, medals, badges and personal belongings of Olympic medalists.
Another place that will be of interest to inquisitive tourists is the Naval Museum of the Northern Fleet. It tells about the history of the creation of the Russian Navy, about the exploits of the Severomorians during the Great Patriotic War, and also shows the current achievements of the Russian Navy.
Surroundings of Murmansk, and the Kola Peninsula as a whole, are very picturesque, however, numerous industrial plants adversely affect the state of local ecosystems. Recently, the administration of the Murmansk region has begun to pay more and more attention to environmental issues. Many reserves and nature protection zones were created on the Kola Peninsula, in connection with which ecotourism began to actively develop. For example, in the northern part of the region, where Murmansk is located, the Vuvsky reserve was opened to preserve the habitats of the reindeer, the Kunsky reserve for organizing wintering of elks, the Pasvik state nature reserve, with an area of 15 thousand, where the most northern in Europe forests, game reserve ” for the conservation and reproduction of wild animal species. But of greatest interest is the center of the Kola Peninsula, where the Lapland State Biosphere Reserve is located. It is located about 200 km south of Murmansk. This is the second largest nature reserve in the European part of Russia. The total area of the reserve is 278.5 thousand hectares. Since 1985, the Lapland Reserve has been a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. It was created to protect the nature of the northern taiga and mountain tundra of the Kola Peninsula, as well as to protect wild reindeer.
The Murmansk region has long been one of the main destinations for extreme tourism. Here, in the center of the region, there are mountain ranges (the locals call them simply – tundras) – Monchetundra, Salnye, Volchiy, Lovozersky and Khibiny tundras. The Khibiny tundra is a well-known place for mountaineering and hiking. They reach a height of 1200 m. The center of the Khibiny is the city of Kirovsk. Walking along the numerous routes of these mountains, you can get acquainted with the villages of the region and their local residents and admire the nature represented by arctic and subarctic vegetation. Many routes lead to the northeast from the Khibiny, to the land of lakes and original villages. The largest villages in this region are Lovozero and Umbozero. Branches of the Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore are located here. AT The village of Lovozero houses the Museum of the History of the Kola Sami. The exposition of the museum tells about the life of local peoples – the Saami, Komi and Nenets. The museum has a unique find – a stone with drawings preserved on it – petroglyphs, whose age is more than 3 thousand years. In the village of Umbozero there is the Museum of Culture and Life of the Terek Pomors. The Pomors of the Tersky Coast are known for being the first to create fishing tackle, the most comfortable dwellings and clothes, they were engaged in embroidery, wood carving, lace weaving and sewing festive costumes. The museum contains objects of labor and life of this people.
The Murmansk region is also known as one of the centers of skiing in Russia. In Murmansk itself there are 3 equipped ski resorts. In the northern part of the city there is a recreation center “Southern slope”. A drag lift delivers tourists to the local slopes. The length of the descent is about 600 m. In addition, there is a track for descent on inflatable chambers. The recreation center has a developed infrastructure. Ski center “Lights of Murmansk” has slopes for skiing, snowboarding and inflatable tubes. Their length varies from 1000 to 1500 meters. The elevation difference within the center is about 200 m. The Nord Star ski complex is located in the southern part of Murmansk. The length of the slopes here reaches 1 km, and the height difference is 130 m. The complex has 2 drag lifts 300 and 730 m long. Equipment rental is available in each of these ski resorts. In summer, they do not close, but, on the contrary, offer outdoor activities – fishing, horseback riding, hiking, paintball and much more. The most popular skiing areas of the Murmansk region are located in the Khibiny mountains near the city of Kirovsk (200 km southeast of Murmansk), there are also tracks in the Kandalaksha and Monchegorsk regions.
The waters of the Kola Peninsula are a real paradise for fishermen. Here in numerous rivers and lakes there are perch, pike, roach, whitefish, salmon, brown trout, trout, char, char, pike and burbot. Around Murmansk Among fishermen, the Pecha River, a tributary of the Tuloma River, which flows into the Kola Bay, is popular. Salmon fishing is of particular interest, the licensed terms for catching this fish are from June 15 to September 15. It must be remembered that fishermen need to obtain a license.